Penyusun: Malik bin Anas
Lahir: 93 H/ 711 M
Tempat lahir: Madinah
Wafat: Madinah, 179 H / 795 M
Bidang studi: Hadits Nabi (Al Sunnah)
Profil singkat Imam Malik
Mālik ibn Anas bin Malik bin 'Āmr al-Asbahi atau Malik bin Anas, lahir pada 795M / 174H dan meninggal pada tahun 795M / 174H). Ia adalah pakar ilmu fikih dan hadis, serta pendiri Mazhab Maliki.
Download Kitab Muwatta’ Malik
Terjemah Bahasa Inggris
- Volume 1
- Volume 2
- Volume 3
Versi bahasa Arab
- Matan Muwatta’
Syarah Muwatta’ (5 Juz)
- Juz 1
- Juz 2
- Juz 3
- Juz 4
- Juz 5
Tentang kitab Al Muwatta’
Al-Muwaththa merupakan sebuah kitab yang berisikan hadis-hadis yang dikumpulkan oleh Imam Malik serta pendapat para sahabat dan ulama-ulama tabiin. Kitab ini lengkap dengan berbagai problem agama yang merangkum ilmu hadis, ilmu fiqh dan sebagainya. Semua hadis yang ditulis adalah sahih kerana Imam Malik terkenal dengan sifatnya yang tegas dalam penerimaan sebuah hadis. Dia sangat berhati-hati ketika menapis, mengasingkan, dan membahas serta menolak riwayat yang meragukan. Dari 100.000 hadis yang dihafal dia, hanya 10.000 saja diakui sah dan dari 10.000 hadis itu, hanya 5.000 saja yang disahkan sahih olehnya setelah diteliti dan dibandingkan dengan al-Quran. Menurut sebuah riwayat, Imam Malik menghabiskan 40 tahun untuk mengumpul dan menapis hadis-hadis yang diterima dari guru-gurunya. Imam Syafii pernah berkata, “Tiada sebuah kitab di muka bumi ini setelah al qur`an yang lebih banyak mengandungi kebenaran selain dari kitab Al-Muwaththa karangan Imam Malik, inilah karangan para ulama mutaqoddimin.”
Introduction to Translation of Malik's Muwatta
Malik's Muwatta ("the well-trodden path") is a collection of two items:
1. The sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) (also known as the sunnah) . The reports of the Prophet's sayings and deeds are called ahadith.
2. The legal opinions and decisions of the Prophet's Companions, their successors, and some later authorities.
Malik (full name Malik bin Anas bin Malik bin Abu Amir Al-Asbahi) was born in 93 A.H. and died in 179 A.H. He lived most of his life in Madinah, the city in which the Prophet (pbuh) settled in. He was a preeminent scholar of Islam, and is the originator of the Maliki judicial school of thought. He is reputed to have had over one thousand students. During Malik's lifetime, he steadily revised his Muwatta, so it reflects over forty years of his learning and knowledge. It contains a few thousand hadith. It is important to realize, however, that Malik's collection is not complete: there are other scholars who worked as Malik did and collected other reports .
Book 1: The Times of Prayer
SECTION 1: The Times of Prayer
Book 1, Number 1.1.1: He said, "Yahya ibn Yahya al-Laythi related to me from Malik ibn Anas from Ibn Shihab that one day Umar ibn Abdal-Aziz delayed the prayer. Urwa ibn az-Zubayr came and told him that al-Mughira ibn Shuba had delayed the prayer one day while he was in Kufa and Abu Masud al-Ansari had come to him and said, 'What's this, Mughira? Don't you know that the angel Jibril came down and prayed and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed.' Then he prayed again, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed. Then he prayed again, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed. Then he prayed again, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed. Then he prayed again, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed. Then Jibril said, 'This is what you have been ordered to do. ' Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz said, 'Be sure of what you relate, Urwa. Was it definitely Jibril who established the time of the prayer for the Messenger of Allah?' " Urwa said, "That's how it was related to Bashir ibn Abi Masud al-Ansari by his father."
Book 1, Number 1.1.2: Urwa said that A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace used to pray asr while the sunlight was pouring into her room, before the sun itself had become visible (i.e. because it was still high in the sky) .
Book 1, Number 1.1.3: Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that Ata ibn Yasar said, "A man came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and asked him about the time of the subh prayer. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not answer him, but in the morning he prayed subh at first light.
Book 1 : The Times of Prayer 3 Book 2: Purity 11 Book 3: Prayer 41 Book 4 : Forgetfulness in Prayer 62 Book 5 : Jumu 'a 63 Book 6: Prayer in Ramadan 71 Book 7: Tahajjud 74 Book 8 : Prayer in Congregation 82 Book 9: Shortening the Prayer 91 Book 10: The Two 'Ids 114 Book 11: The Fear Prayer 117 Book 12: The Eclipse Prayer 119 Book 13: Asking for Rain 123 Book 14: The Qibla 126 Book 15: The Qur'an 130 Book 16: Burials 145 Book 17: Zakat 160 Book 18: Fasting 190 Book 19: I'tikaf in Ramadan 210 Book 20: Hajj 217 Book 21: Jihad 296 Book 22: Vows and Oaths 316 Book 23: Sacrificial Animals 323 Book 24: Slaughtering Animals 327 Book 25: Game 330 Book 26: The 'Aqiqa 336 Book 27: Fara'id 338 Book 28: Marriage 355 Book 29: Divorce 375 Book 30: Suckling 413 Book 31: Business Transactions 419 Book 32: Qirad 474 Book 33: Sharecropping 487 Book 34: Renting Land 493 Book 35: Pre-emption in Property 494 Book 36: Judgements 499 Book 37: Wills and Testaments 530 Book 38: Setting Free and Wala' 540 Book 39: The Mukatab 552 Book 40: Hudud 572 Book 41: The Mudabbar 580 Book 42: Drinks 598 Book 43: Blood-Money 602 Book 44 : The Oath of Qasama 623 Book 45: Madina 630 Book 46: The Decree 638 Book 47: Good Character 641 Book 48: Dress 645 Book 49: The Description of the Prophet, may Allah Bless Him and Grant Him Peace 650 Book 50 : The Evil Eye 662